Schau dir unsere Auswahl an amun ra an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops für kunst. Dynastie Verschmelzung der Götter Amun und Re zu Amun-Re. Amuns Ursprung scheint in dem Gau des Was-Zepters, in der Nähe von Hermonthis zu liegen. Der Gott der Sonne. Re, Ra oder Amun-Re ist der ägyptische Sonnengott, er galt als der wichtigster und höchste Gott, denn durch das Wirken seiner Kraft.
Amun-Re, der SonnengottAMUN-RE. Eine Sondierung zu Struktur und Genese alt&gyptischer synkretistischer Gotter* von. Wolfgang Schenkel. 1. "Bindestrich-GStter". Am auffailigsten. JAN ASSMANN. RE UND AMUN. Die Krise des polytheistischen Weltbilds im Ägypten der Dynastie. UNIVERSITÄTSVERLAG FREIBURG SCHWEIZ. Dynastie erlangt er eine gewisse Bedeutung in Theben. Amun-re trat er amun-re Schöpfergott auf, aus dem Nun entsteigend, die hermopolitanische Achtheit und.
Amun Re FIND OUT MORE VideoForbidden Egyptology Mystery - Mind-Boggling Amun Ra History, Hidden for 2 Millenia Berkeley, California: University of California Press. Contributions to the chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean, vol. This period was known as Molly Blum Atenist Heresyand it began in the 1 st Dynasty of the New Kingdom the 18 th of Spiel Umsonst Egypt.
This Great Inscription which has now lost about a third of its content shows the king's campaigns and eventual return with items of potential value and prisoners.
Next to this inscription is the Victory Stela , which is largely a copy of the more famous Merneptah Stele found in the funerary complex of Merenptah on the west bank of the Nile in Thebes.
This was constructed of sandstone, with a chapel to Amun flanked by those of Mut and Khonsu. When the army of the founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty expelled the Hyksos rulers from Egypt, the victor's city of origin, Thebes , became the most important city in Egypt, the capital of a new dynasty.
The local patron deity of Thebes, Amun, therefore became nationally important. The pharaohs of that new dynasty attributed all of their successes to Amun, and they lavished much of their wealth and captured spoil on the construction of temples dedicated to Amun.
The victory against the "foreign rulers" achieved by pharaohs who worshipped Amun caused him to be seen as a champion of the less fortunate , upholding the rights of justice for the poor.
Since he upheld Ma'at truth, justice, and goodness ,  those who prayed to Amun were required first to demonstrate that they were worthy, by confessing their sins.
Votive stelae from the artisans' village at Deir el-Medina record:. You are Amun, the Lord of the silent, who comes at the voice of the poor; when I call to you in my distress You come and rescue me Though the servant was disposed to do evil, the Lord is disposed to forgive.
The Lord of Thebes spends not a whole day in anger; His wrath passes in a moment; none remains. His breath comes back to us in mercy Subsequently, when Egypt conquered Kush , they identified the chief deity of the Kushites as Amun.
This Kush deity was depicted as ram -headed, more specifically a woolly ram with curved horns. Amun thus became associated with the ram arising from the aged appearance of the Kush ram deity, and depictions related to Amun sometimes had small ram's horns, known as the Horns of Ammon.
A solar deity in the form of a ram can be traced to the pre-literate Kerma culture in Nubia, contemporary to the Old Kingdom of Egypt.
The later Meroitic period name of Nubian Amun was Amani , attested in numerous personal names such as Tanwetamani , Arkamani , and Amanitore.
Since rams were considered a symbol of virility, Amun also became thought of as a fertility deity, and so started to absorb the identity of Min , becoming Amun-Min.
This association with virility led to Amun-Min gaining the epithet Kamutef , meaning "Bull of his mother",  in which form he was found depicted on the walls of Karnak , ithyphallic , and with a scourge , as Min was.
As the cult of Amun grew in importance, Amun became identified with the chief deity who was worshipped in other areas during that period, namely the sun god Ra.
This identification led to another merger of identities, with Amun becoming Amun-Ra. In the Hymn to Amun-Ra he is described as.
Lord of truth, father of the gods, maker of men, creator of all animals, Lord of things that are, creator of the staff of life. During the latter part of the eighteenth dynasty , the pharaoh Akhenaten also known as Amenhotep IV disliked the power of the temple of Amun and advanced the worship of the Aten , a deity whose power was manifested in the sun disk, both literally and symbolically.
He defaced the symbols of many of the old deities, and based his religious practices upon the deity, the Aten. He moved his capital away from Thebes, but this abrupt change was very unpopular with the priests of Amun, who now found themselves without any of their former power.
The religion of Egypt was inexorably tied to the leadership of the country, the pharaoh being the leader of both. The pharaoh was the highest priest in the temple of the capital, and the next lower level of religious leaders were important advisers to the pharaoh, many being administrators of the bureaucracy that ran the country.
The introduction of Atenism under Akhenaten constructed a monotheist worship of Aten in direct competition with that of Amun. Praises of Amun on stelae are strikingly similar in language to those later used, in particular, the Hymn to the Aten :.
When thou crossest the sky, all faces behold thee, but when thou departest, thou are hidden from their faces When thou settest in the western mountain, then they sleep in the manner of death The fashioner of that which the soil produces, The sole Lord, who reaches the end of the lands every day, as one who sees them that tread thereon Every land chatters at his rising every day, in order to praise him.
When Akhenaten died, the priests of Amun-Ra reasserted themselves. Akhenaten's name was struck from Egyptian records, all of his religious and governmental changes were undone, and the capital was returned to Thebes.
The return to the previous capital and its patron deity was accomplished so swiftly that it seemed this almost monotheistic cult and its governmental reforms had never existed.
Amun was part of the Thebean triad along with Mut and Khonsu a triad was a group of three gods including a mother, a father and a child. He started as a deity worshiped only in Thebes.
After the pharaohs moved their capital to Thebes, Amun became a major god. During the Eighteenth Dynasty, he assimilated with Ra and grew in importance.
Many of the Eighteenth Dynasty kings commissioned frescos showing Amun-Ra fathering them. This was also the way rulers whose legitimacy was in doubt proved their right to rule.
Most of the southwest is an open-air assembling area containing millions of stone fragments, from small to huge, laid out in long rows, awaiting reassembly into their respective monuments.
The area is not closed, as the temples of Khons and Opet both lie in this corner and are open to the public, though both are rarely visited, relative to the huge numbers of tourists who come to Karnak.
Also found in that area is the Akhenaten Temple Project , in a sealed long building which contains surviving remnants of the dismantled Temple of Amenhotep IV Akhenaten.
The history of the Karnak complex is largely the history of Thebes. The city does not appear to have been of any significance before the Eleventh Dynasty , and any temple building here would have been relatively small and unimportant, with any shrines being dedicated to the early god of Thebes, Montu.
The main temple is laid out on an east—west axis, entered via a quay now dry and several hundred metres from the Nile. The modern entrance is placed over the end of the ancient cult terrace or tribune , causing most visitors to miss this significant feature.
Inscribed into the terrace though many are now eroded away are the inundation levels for several kings of the Third Intermediate Period , collectively known as the Nile Level Texts.
The cult terrace is often mistakenly thought to be a dock or quay, but other examples, such as the one at the Hathor temple at Deir el-Medina , do not have access to water.
It was intended for the presentation of cult images. Originally the quay led via a corridor of Sphinxes to the entrance to the second pylon , but these were moved aside when the First Pylon was constructed.
Construction of the current pylon began in 30th Dynasty , but was never totally completed. It is m wide and 15m thick. There are large numbers of mud bricks piled up against the inside of the pylon, and these give a clue as to how it was constructed.
The construction of the original first pylon and Forecourt in the 22nd Dynasty enclosed several older structures, and meant that the original avenue of sphinxes had to be moved.
In order to construct this kiosk, the ram-sphinx corridor was removed and the statues moved to the edges of the open court. On the south side of the forecourt, there is a small temple built by Ramesses III.
Inscriptions inside the temple show the king slaughtering captives, whilst Amun-Re looks on. This pylon  was built by Horemheb near the end of his reign and only partly decorated by him.
Ramesses I usurped Horemheb's reliefs and inscriptions on the pylon and added his own to them. These were later usurped by Ramesses II.
The east rear face of the pylon became the west wall of the newly built Great Hypostyle Hall under Seti I who added some honorary images of the late Ramesses I to compensate for having had to erase his father's images there when he built the hall.
Horemheb filled the interior of the pylon towers with thousands of recycled blocks from dismantled monuments of his predecessors, especially Talatat blocks from the monuments of Akhenaten along with a temple of Tutankhamen and Ay.
The Second Pylon's roof collapsed in late antiquity and was later restored in Ptolemaic times. The north side of the hall is decorated in raised relief, and was Seti I 's work.
He began to decorate the southern side of the hall shortly before he died but this section was largely completed by his son, Ramesses II.
Amun was a major ancient Egyptian deity who appears as a member of the Hermopolitan ogdoad the Ogdoad were eight primordial deities worshipped in Hermopolis.
Amun acquired national importance in 16th century BC after the rebellion of Thebes against the Hyksos and the rule of Ahmose I.
The statue sits in the Egyptian and Sudan galleries outside the Shrine of King Taharqa in the Ashmolean, the same position it was originally found in.
A duplicate of this statue would have sat opposite to intimidate intruders and protect the shrine.