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Mayan Gods Navigation menu VideoThe Maya myth of the morning star
Posted By: Dattatreya Mandal September 30, As we have discussed previously in many of our mythology-covering articles , the pantheons of most historical cultures entailed a dynamic scope rather than a static capacity, wherein deities and their narratives evolved with time.
In essence, the Mayan deities were treated as supernatural entities, who while being powerful, could also be tricked and even killed by the cunning mortals.
In any case, in this article, we will aim to cover some of the major Mayan gods and goddesses who were venerated across most city-states.
It was later transcribed and translated to Spanish in the early 18th century. Also, note that in scholarly texts many of the Mayan gods and goddesses have their letter-based designations like God B or God D.
In the mythical narrative, his rulership over this vast and seemingly contrasting domains is borne by innate and even arcane knowledge, as opposed to supernatural strength and unquestioned royalty.
To that end, he was often portrayed as a toothless old man with an amiable demeanor, hooked nose, large eyes, and a cylindrical hat — alluding to his leadership qualities.
In some instances, he is perceived as the son of Hunab Ku — the might yet capricious creator god who brought about floods to end the race of humans.
Contrastingly, Itzamna poses as an antithesis of his father, since he aids the Maya people by inventing writing, calendar systems, agriculture, sciences, and medicines.
Simply put, he is perceived as a cultural figurehead who lays down the foundations of a civilization that is to flourish later.
And talking of relations, Itzamna was also identified as the husband counterpart to Ix Chel or Goddess O — and together they were venerated as the couple that gave birth to an entire generation of Mayan gods.
There is even some evidence that Ix Chel is not this goddess's name, but whatever her name was, Goddess I is the goddess of the moon, childbirth, fertility, pregnancy, and weaving, and she is often illustrated wearing a lunar crescent, a rabbit and a beak-like nose.
According to colonial records, there were Maya shrines dedicated to her on Cozumel island. There are many other gods and goddesses in the Maya pantheon, avatars of others or versions of Pan-Mesoamerican deities, those who appear in some or all of the other Mesoamerican religions, such as Aztec, Toltec, Olmec, and Zapotec.
Here are a few of the most prevalent deities not mentioned above. Bicephalic Monster: A two-headed monster also known as the Celestial Monster or Cosmic Monster, with a front head with deer ears and capped with a Venus emblem, a skeletal, upsidedown rear head, and the body of a crocodile.
Diving God: A youthful figure that appears to be diving headfirst from the sky, often referred to as a bee god, although most scholars believe he represents the Maya Maize God or God E.
Fat God: A huge potbellied figure or simply a massive head, commonly illustrated in the Late Classic period as a bloated corpse with heavy swollen eyelids, refers to sidz , signifying gluttony or excessive desire.
God C: The personification of sacredness. God E: The Maya god of Maize. God H: A youthful male deity, perhaps a wind god.
Hun-Hunahpu: Father of the Hero Twins. Jester God: A shark god, with a head ornament that resembles that used on a medieval European court jester.
Long-nosed and long-lipped deities: Numerous gods have been called long nosed or long lipped; those with upward-turning snouts are associated with serpents, those with downward curving snouts are birds.
Pauahtun: The Skybearer god, who corresponds to the four directions and appears in both single and quadripartite form God N , and sometimes wears a turtle carapace.
Scribal gods: Numerous avatars of gods are illustrated sitting cross-legged and writing: Itzamna appears as a scribe or a teacher of scribes, Chac is illustrated writing or painting or spewing out numbers strips of paper; and in the Popol Vuh are illustrated the monkey scribes and artists, Hun Batz and Hun Chuen.
Further, there was the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob who was equally important considering that maize was the staple grain of the Mayans.
Various kinds of sacrifice, including human sacrifice, were offered for all these gods. Priests had very important function in Mayan religion since they were considered intermediaries between Mayan gods and goddesses and the common people.
Religious festivals and rituals were performed by the priests who were often dressed as gods. The ritual of human sacrifice was also performed by Mayan priests.
Thus the central role of priests in Mayan religion raised their status which was more or less equal to that of the nobility. Religious symbolism was quite important in Mayan religion just like the religions of other Mesoamerican civilisations.
Mayans Gods and goddesses were often represented in forms that symbolised their powers. For instance, in order to symbolise the god of rain Chac, artistic representations show him having amphibian features and tears coming out of his eyes.
This was the god of war, violence, and sudden death including human sacrifices. He was usually shown with a black line down one cheek. It is believed that the magnificent pyramid-temple El Castillo in Chichen Itza was dedicated to Kukulkan.
Mayans had a large pantheon comprising of many different gods. Some of these gods were considered ancient and counted among the creator deities who created the Earth and humans a number of times.
Other gods were associated with natural phenomenon such as thunder, lightning and rain. Chaac was a primary example of this, considered the god who caused thunder and lightning with his axe.
Mayans also had themes of ancestor worship reflected in their deities, an example of which was the god Itzamna. Some Mayan gods were specific to certain Mayan city -states while others transcended political divisions and were universally worshiped and revered all over the Mayan regions.
One of the most popular Mayan gods, with a cult-like following, was the snake deity Kukulkan. Learn More about Mayan Gods at wikipedia.
Most think he is indigenous. Kinich Ahau is the sun god of the Mayans, sometimes associated with or an aspect of Itzamna. During the Classic period, Kinich Ahau was used as a royal title, carrying the idea of the divine king.
He is also known in the Mayan codices as God G and is shown in many carvings on Mayan pyramids. Ix Chel is the goddess of medicine and midwifery, also known as the goddess of making children.
She is represented as an aged woman. Chaac is the goggled-eyed rain god, of prime importance to the Mayans. Chaac has a four-fold aspect, with each aspect representing the cardinal directions and colors.
Chaac brought clouds, thunder, lightning and most importantly, rain. Kukulkan is the feathered serpent god of the Mayans.Women who died in childbirth, those who died Mayan Gods a sacrifice and sacrificial victims of the ball court went to the supreme heaven immediately after death. Son of Itzamna and Ixchel. Wikipedia list article. Feathered Snake god and creator. Mayan priests closely Goodgame Empir all the cycles important to Mayan life. The Mayans were Mittwoch Lottozahlen Am Mittwoch in their beliefs, that is, they believed that everything was imbued with a spiritual essence or force, Australian Online Casino inanimate objects such as rocks and water. You need to be logged in to vote. A god of earthquakes and death who lived in Metnal. The primordial couple of Xmucane and Xpiacoc appear in the Popol Vuh as the grandparents of two sets of twins: the older set of 1 Monkey and 1 Howler, and the younger of Blowgunner and Jaguar Sun. In any case, in this article, we will aim to cover Trikot Leverkusen of the major Mayan gods and goddesses who were venerated across most city-states. Often illustrated with a snaggle-tooth or chapfallen mouth to indicate his age, Itzamna can appear in many different guises: as a priest, or as earth-caiman Bingo Gewinnchance type of crocodileand sometimes as a personified tree or a bird deity. Mayans Gods and goddesses were often represented in forms that symbolised their powers. Additional Resources About The Mayans. The Twins shrink themselves and hide in their own blowguns. In Mayan mythology, the god Chin had a similar relationship with a demon. Vivekananda said: "When the Hindu says the world is Maya, at once people get the idea that the world Spiele Spiele Spiele Spiele an illusion. Prayers involved various kinds of incantations and litanies involving saints, angles, and deities. Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization. Acat was a Mayan deity who was primarily associated with the art of tattooing.